Explained: Why fewer birds are migrating to Chandigarh

As our avian company from Siberia begin leaving for his or her homeland far-off, it’s the time to consider a number of unanswered questions together with why their quantity is reducing every passing 12 months. The Indian Specific explains why this is perhaps so.

What are the findings of fowl census carried out by Chandigarh Fowl Membership (CBC)?

CBC conducts fowl depend specializing in waterfowl twice in a 12 months. First in February when the migratory birds have been all set to go away for his or her homelands and second in November, when the arrival of migratory birds is taken into account to be accomplished. The November census carries extra weightage. The November census instructed 98 species in 2018, 91 species in 2017, 86 species in 2019, and 77 species in 2020 respectively. In February, 2021, 27 fowl species of waterfowl have been noticed whereas the full depend of birds was 368. Within the 2020 fowl race, 28 species have been noticed and complete fowl depend was 734. Within the 2018 fowl race, 31 waterfowl species have been noticed, with the full fowl depend being 850.

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What are the possible causes behind the decline variety of birds in/round Chandigarh wetlands?

“Chandigarh hosts numerous latitudinal migrants within the winter from Siberia. Among the widespread species are Graylag Goose, Bar-headed Goose, Northern Shoveller, widespread Pochard, Tufted Duck, Black-tailed Godwit Ruddy Shell Geese and so on. Sadly, depend of those birds reducing. Migratory birds could be divided in two categories- Geese and Waders (shorebirds). A majority of migratory birds favor to remain round shallow water our bodies for simple availability of meals. Although this time we included waterbodies located in Mohali assuming that birds could be shifted from Sukhna Lake to those our bodies, the findings weren’t encouraging. Variety of waders is reducing largely,” mentioned Rima Dhillon, Secretary, CBC, mentioned.

“Rising human footprints, disturbance, particularly across the particular habitats for the migratory birds like regulatory ends of Sukhna Lake, together with rising water degree of water our bodies are amongst main causes for this development,” mentioned Amandeep Singh Channa, a CBC member.

What are the native causes for disturbances at native water our bodies?

Contractual fishing, cultivation of water chestnuts at sure water our bodies, unregulated human actions are amongst different causes behind the disturbance within the habitats of birds. “Villagers of Mote Majra allowed contractual fishing, cultivation of water chestnuts in Mote Majra water physique. It causes a variety of disturbance for the birds together with migratory/residentials,” mentioned birder Tilakraj Sharma. The Mote Majra pond is unfold in 32 acres land. It is likely one of the greatest ponds out there in Punjab.

Sharma mentioned the rising water degree in Sukhna Lake can be a matter of concern. A majority of waterfowl particularly migratory birds favor shallow water our bodies for simple availability of meals. Contractual fishermen don’t permit Cormorants to settle, as waterfowl largely depend upon fishes which impacts their enterprise.

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Is fowl depend declining globally?

Chandigarh based mostly naturalist, Lt Gen Baljeet Singh (Rtd), mentioned, “There are two elements of this development. First: We’ve been failing to offer sufficient ambiance to migratory birds yearly. Second: The inhabitants of birds is falling in all places together with the native international locations of those species.”

Rima Dhillon says, “The water our bodies in our space, together with Sukhna Lake, Mote Majra, Siswan Dam, host Siberian migratory birds. The change within the sample of cropping across the breeding grounds of those birds can be one of many the reason why numbers are declining right here. Birds favor to shift from one place to a different within the search of meals. If meals is on the market to them close to their breeding grounds, they don’t favor to cowl enormous distance.”

What steps have been taken in Chandigarh to assist migratory birds?

Sukhna Lake, Dhanas Lake, a small pond transformed right into a lake, falls within the Inter State Chandigarh Area (ISCR) involving sure components of neighboring states Himachal, Haryana, and Punjab. The embody Chapper Chiri, Motemajra, Saketri, Sukhna Lake forest space, Nagar Van, Regulatory Ends of Sukhna Lake, Kansal, Mirzapur Dam, Patiali Ki Rao and Siswan Dam.

Efforts are being made to make these water our bodies a protected zone for migratory birds.

Lately, the native administration made small floating platforms, which can permit birds to discover a protected place within the water. Two new shallow water our bodies within the adjoining Nagar Van have been additionally created. In December, 2014, Sukhna Lake was declared a Fowl-Flu hit zone. Round 70 geese have been culled after one duck examined with the H5N1virus. Since then, the Chandigarh Wildlife and Forest division stopped the apply of rearing home waterfowl at Sukhna Lake.

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