From J-K to Kerala, bird flu spreads to 13 Indian states, union territories

Signalling a second wave, 13 Indian states have reported hen flu outbreaks until Friday affecting poultry birds, crows, migratory birds and wild birds.

The outbreak, gripping the size of the nation, has been detected in 13 states – Kerala, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh.

Whereas the flu in poultry birds has been reported from 9 states – Kerala, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab, 12 states have reported the outbreak in crow, migratory birds and wild birds.

These states embody – Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.

“Until twenty second January, 2021 outbreaks of Avian Influenza (Chicken flu) have been confirmed in 9 States (Kerala, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab) for poultry birds and in 12 States (Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab) for Crow/Migratory/ Wild birds,” an announcement by ministry of fisheries, animal husbandry and dairying on Friday learn.

The flu has been confirmed in poultry samples from Uttarakhand’s Almora and Gujarat’s Somnath, the ministry mentioned.

In crows, the flu has been confirmed in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kulgam, Anantnag, Budgam and Pulwama) and Uttarkhand’s Kaliji Pheasantbird in Tehri vary, the ministry mentioned.

Avian Influenza has been confirmed in crows within the States of UT of Jammu and Kashmir(Kulgam, Anantnag, Budgam and Pulwama); in Kaliji Pheasantbird inTehri vary of Uttarakhand.

Quickly after the outbreak killed greater than 25,000 birds earlier this month, the federal government had rushed to regulate the outbreak and forestall additional unfold by asking states to strengthen the biosecurity of poultry farms, disinfect the affected areas, and correctly eliminate useless birds and carcasses.

The animal husbandry ministry had additionally requested states for well timed assortment and submission of samples for affirmation and additional surveillance and intensification of surveillance plan.

To stop the illness transmission from affected birds to poultry and people, the ministry has requested states to observe the final prevention tips.

“Coordination with the forest division for reporting any uncommon mortality of birds was additionally urged to the States. The opposite states have been additionally requested to maintain a vigil on any uncommon mortality amongst birds and to report instantly to take obligatory measures,” the ministry mentioned in an announcement.

Chicken flu, also referred to as Avian Flu, is quite a lot of influenza brought on by a virus in birds. It may possibly unfold to people and may set off individual to individual transmission, specialists say. There are a lot of sorts of viruses and H7N9 is taken into account most harmful amongst them, they are saying.

In accordance with the World Well being Group there are lots of subtypes of avian influenza virus and solely a few of them might be harmful to people. Migratory birds are reported to be the primary carriers of the virus.

The Union ministry of fisheries, animal husbandry and dairying has beforehand pointed to migratory birds as a trigger for the unfold of flu which has triggered an alarm in north, central and southern India. “In India, the illness spreads primarily by migratory birds coming into India throughout winter months i.e. from September-October to February-March. The secondary unfold by human dealing with (by fomites) can’t be dominated out,” the ministry had mentioned.

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