Maharashtra struggles with bird flu; over 209,606 poultry birds culled

Maharashtra has been battling hen flu or avian influenza since greater than a month. It has reported deaths of over 40,213 birds within the state since January 8 and has culled over 200,000 poultry birds following affirmation of hen flu from ICAR-Nationwide Institute of Excessive-Safety Animal Ailments (NIHSAD), Bhopal, until date. The figures embrace round 137,305 poultry birds in Navapur tehsil of Nandurbar district within the final two days (Sunday and Monday).

On Monday, 105,305 poultry birds had been culled at 4 farms in Navapur to comprise the unfold.

The culling course of is began solely after receiving a affirmation of hen flu from ICAR-NIHSAD – the central laboratory for hen flu testing. The culling is being finished inside a one-km radius of the poultry farm affected by the virus.

That is the second time the state is coping with hen flu within the final 15 years. In 2006, it was restricted to Navapur, which was the epicentre of the illness within the Nandurbar district, however this time, the situation is completely different. The zoonotic illness has unfold to 45 epicentres protecting 20 districts throughout the state.

Nonetheless, 41 epicentres have been issued sanitisation certificates, indicating they’re free from the virus and consumption of poultry merchandise has been allowed in these areas. These epicentres will proceed to be monitored for the subsequent three months, authorities officers mentioned.

Mumbai, Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Parbhani, Latur, Nanded, Pune, Solapur, Beed, Ahmednagar, Yavatmal, Satara, Nagpur, Gadchiroli and Nandurbar are among the many districts the place hen flu deaths had been confirmed by ICAR-NIHSAD. Other than culling poultry birds, the state has additionally destroyed 44,686 eggs and 63,864kg of poultry from the contaminated zones.

On Monday, the state reported a complete of 6,126 hen deaths. Of them, 6,119 poultry birds have been discovered lifeless within the state alongside quite a few herons, sparrows and parrots. Their samples have been despatched to ICAR-NIHSAD and the Western Area Illness Prognosis Laboratory (WRDDL) Pune, for testing.

“Although it has unfold to twenty districts, a lot of the areas the place the outbreak was reported to have recorded no hen dying within the final 20 days, which is a reduction. It signifies that we’ve been capable of management the virus within the respective areas,” mentioned Sachindra Pratap Singh, state animal husbandry commissioner.

Fowl flu had closely impacted the poultry enterprise, with gross sales plummeting. Vasanth Kumar Shetty, Maharashtra president, poultry farmers and breeders affiliation mentioned that the sale of hen has decreased by round 25%, which has introduced large losses to the business. “This virus doesn’t transmit to people however owing to all of the misconceptions and rumours, many individuals have stopped consuming hen. This has resulted in a lack of gross sales by round 25%. As per a tough estimation, the business has suffered a lack of 75 crore to 80 crore in a month within the state,” mentioned Shetty.

The state authorities has paid compensation of 340,600 to the poultry farmers within the contaminated zone, towards culling of poultry birds and disposal of eggs and poultry feed.

Shetty mentioned that the compensation supplied by the state authorities may be very nominal. “Culling of poultry birds means farmers are going out of enterprise and their livelihood is gone for over a 12 months, which must be thought of whereas figuring out compensation quantity. The federal government just isn’t giving even the fundamental price towards culling one poultry hen,” he mentioned.

Fowl flu instances in Navapur

Navapur is in image once more after round 5,000 poultry birds had been discovered lifeless within the tehsil but weren’t reported to the native administration regardless of frequent appeals from the state authorities, contemplating rise in hen flu deaths. On Monday, the district administration culled round 105,305 poultry birds whereas on Sunday 31,400 poultry birds had been culled. Samples from 4 poultry farms examined constructive for hen flu on Saturday.

The state animal husbandry division mentioned that it must cull roughly 150,000 poultry birds within the tehsil.

Navapur, which is understood from layer poultry farming, has some 26 such poultry farms. The tehsildar had obtained a grievance {that a} poultry farm was concealing the deaths of its poultry birds, following which the native administration took motion and a primary info report (FIR) was registered towards the farm proprietor. It FIR was lodged underneath the Prevention and Management of Infectious and Contagious Ailments in Animal Act, 2009, underneath which reporting uncommon deaths in poultry birds is obligatory.

“The poultry proprietor was informed by a neighborhood veterinary that the deaths are due to ‘ranikhet’ [a contagious disease that causes death in poultry birds]. The police are investigating the matter now,” mentioned Shetty, who was in Navapur to assessment the state of affairs.

The state authorities has arrange 72 groups to finish the culling course of within the space on the earliest.

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