Round 100 migratory birds have been discovered lifeless in Pong Dam Lake within the final two weeks after the outbreak of a second wave of fowl flu in Himachal Pradesh, wildlife officers stated on Tuesday.
Hen flu had first been confirmed amongst migratory water-birds at Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary in early January that left round 5,000 birds lifeless in a month. It was contained in early February however has now resurfaced since late March starting with the invention of a dozen fowl carcasses within the sanctuary on March 25, they added.
Chief Wildlife Warden Archana Sharma stated the Nationwide Institute of Excessive Safety Animal Illnesses (NIHSAD) in Bhopal has confirmed the presence of H5N8 avian influenza among the many samples of the lifeless birds.
This pressure is totally different from the earlier outbreak, when H5N1 had been detected among the many migratory birds, she stated including that each these strains are extremely pathogenic.
Extremely pathogenic subtypes of the avian influenza virus are often called extremely contagious amongst birds and particularly lethal for the poultry.
Earlier this yr, when fowl flu outbreaks have been reported throughout India, a lot of the states together with neighbouring Haryana reported the H5N8 subtype of the virus, a pressure which has not been identified to contaminate people.
As of Tuesday, 99 birds have been discovered lifeless at Pong Dam lake throughout this resurgence, she added.
Just like the earlier outbreak, a lot of the victims are bar-headed geese, she stated including that the lifeless birds additionally embody 9 greylag geese.
The outbreak has to date been confined to 2 adjoining forest beats and fowl fatalities are greater throughout days of adversarial climate as a result of that’s when the geese are likely to flock collectively as a substitute of flying out, resulting in extra transmission of the virus, she added.
A global Ramsar website with an space that extends as much as 220 sq. kilometres in the course of the moist season, the Pong wetland turns into residence to flocks of migratory waterfowl every winter when wetlands in Europe, north and central Asia turn into frozen. A fowl census within the sanctuary in February revealed the presence of over one lakh migratory water birds of 51 totally different species on the lake, together with over 40 thousand bar-headed geese.
With the onset of summer season, the migratory birds at the moment are flying again to their mum or dad wetlands, she added.
Lots of the birds at the moment current within the lake are these which have flown from Rajasthan and different elements of the nation, stopping right here on their northward journey, she added.
Some incidents of deaths of different birds have additionally been reported from different elements of the state, together with Theog in Shimla district and Manali in Kullu district, and their samples have been taken for testing by the animal husbandry division.
In the meantime the sanctuary has once more been closed for guests, and the fowl flu motion plan has been activated, which incorporates surveillance, testing and scientific disposal of lifeless birds, she added.